Good morning last week we installed Biomass hall stove at Orihuela costa.
You will wonder what is the Biomass?
Biomass is a type of renewable energy from the use of organic and inorganic matter formed in some biological or mechanical process, generally, of the substances that constitute living beings, or their remains and residues.
We can classify the biomass from the material used as an energy source, in:
It is the biomass that encompasses forests, trees, bushes, crop plants, etc. For example, a series of residues or by-products are produced in forest farms, with high energy power, which are not used for the manufacture of furniture or paper, such as small leaves and branches, and which can be used as an energy source.
Wood waste can be used to produce energy. In the same way, the remains of wood processing industries, such as sawmills, carpentry or furniture factories and other materials, can be used as fuel. “Energy crops” are another form of biomass consisting of crops or plantations that are made exclusively for energy purposes, that is, to take advantage of their content and energy.
Residual biomass is the byproduct or waste generated in agricultural activities such as pruning or thinning (eg sarmientos, firewood), and in silvicultural and livestock activities, as well as residues from the agri-food industry (eg almond husk, olive bone ) and in the wood processing industry (eg sawdust)
Biomass can be used in all areas, since we can find it from small facilities for domestic use (eg fireplaces or wood-burning homes), medium-sized (eg farm heating), or large-sized (eg. thermal power plants to obtain electricity, or supply heating to a district or city).
Humidity: affects both the quantity (price) and quality of the raw material, as well as the process, so it is of interest that it be as small as possible.
Size and shape: biomass has a great diversity of shapes and sizes (from pellets to briquettes).
Real and apparent density: which varies considerably depending on the type and presentation of the biomass.
Chemical composition: An elementary analysis must be carried out to verify that it does not contain chemical elements.
Calorific value: (Kj / Kg dry base): the amount of heat released in the combustion of 1 kg. of biomass
Ash content: Interested for most combustion uses that is less than 1%
Ash melting temperature: Interested to be high.
Biomass aims to be a key sector when it comes to achieving renewable energy and sustainability goals. Like other renewable energies, it allows reducing external energy dependence, as well as reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, it favors the maintenance and diversification of the forestry sector, thus contributing to the development of employment, especially in rural areas.
Biomass is a renewable energy of the future, respectful of the Environment, which contributes to compliance with the Kyoto Protocol.
The CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions from biomass are neutral.
If the raw material of the biomass used comes from waste, these fuels help recycling.
Biomass is an inexhaustible energy source, provided it is managed sustainably
Biomass is a constant and storable energy.
Energy produced from biomass is not subject to market price fluctuations and is a source of work in underdeveloped agricultural areas.
Biomass is a very good alternative to oil, since it is a renewable resource that is more evenly distributed on the Earth’s surface and is a source of energy that can be exploited using more environmentally friendly technologies.
Biomass production involves cleaning the forests, which helps prevent the risk of forest fires.